WHAT IS EOSINOPHILLIC ESOPHAGITIS?
The esophagus is the tube running from the mouth to the stomach. Eosinophilic Esophagitis is an allergic reaction to food, acid reflux or airborne allergens. This reaction signals eosinophils to gather in the esophagus leading to inflammation and swelling making swallowing difficult and increasing the risk of choking. It is a rare condition but is prevalent in those with known allergies or Asthma.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
Symptoms vary and are based on your age. In children, symptoms include vomiting, lack of appetite and abdominal pain. Adults experience difficulty swallowing, heartburn, chest pain and may feel as if food is caught in their throat.
HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED?
Your Gateway Asthma & Allergy Relief doctor will take a medical history and ask about other allergies or Asthma. A blood test may be ordered to rule out other conditions. An Upper Endoscopy may be required for your doctor to determine the extent of your condition. This procedure involves putting a tube with a light and a camera (endoscope) down the throat to view the esophagus. A small amount of tissue (biopsy) may be taken for further analysis. Allergy tests may be performed to determine allergens that may induce the allergic response.
WHAT ARE THE TREATMENT OPTIONS?
Determining the allergen and managing the symptoms are the first steps. Treatments may include dietary restriction and avoidance of the allergens along with oral steroids and acid reducers. Your doctor will work with you to determine the best approach based on your specific condition.