ALLERGIC BRONCHOPULMONARY ASPERGILLOSIS – ABPA
WHAT IS ABPA?
Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis (ABPA) is an allergic reaction to an abundant fungus called Aspergillus fumigatus that is found in soil. ABPA usually occurs in patients with Asthma or Cystic Fibrosis. The immune system launches a response to airborne particulates from the fungi that settle in the lungs. As a result, air passageways can become damaged, which can lead to permanent lung injury.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
Symptoms include a worsening of Asthma symptoms, fever, fatigue and a cough with bloody mucus or brown flecks.
HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED?
Your Gateway Asthma & Allergy Relief doctor will take a medical history and may order diagnostic imaging (X-rays or CT scans) to check for damage in your bronchi and lungs. An allergy skin test and blood tests may also be performed to determine if other allergies, or other conditions, are also present.
WHAT ARE THE TREATMENT OPTIONS?
You may be prescribed oral corticosteroids to open your airways to make it easier to cough and clear out the fungus. An oral antifungal may also be recommended, but its effectiveness is somewhat controversial. Your Gateway Asthma & Allergy Relief doctor will discuss with you all the treatment options.